The basic genealogy resources include vital documents such as birth, marriage and death records. In conducting research of family members with connections to Hungary, Austria and even parts of present day Romania as well as parts of former Yugoslavia - formerly Austro-Hungarian Empire - one needs to be sensitive to legislation which was enacted in 1895. Essentially, this legislation assured continuity of the state registry information from 1895 to the present. More info about the system of church records in Slovakia you may find here.
Vital records before 1895
Different churches and Jewish congregations recorded births, marriages and deaths in parish and/or synagogue registers. Slovak registers up to 1895 are stored in the Archives of Bratislava and seven State Archives. A Google map showing the locations of archives is here. These archives are open to the public. The records have been microfilmed and are available by the Family History Centres of the Latter-Day Saints (LDS) Church. The similar system is in Croatia, Czech Republic, Serbia, Romania and Ukraine. In Hungary the churches kept the historical records.
Vital records after 1895
In course of the major reform of the Civil Code in
Hungary, since 1st October 1895 the system of civil (aka
state) vital records was introduced. Since that time there
exist two concurrent
systems of civil and church and/or synagogue vital
Church records after appr. 1895 are kept by the parish offices or bishopric archives, however some records are kept also by the state archives.
According the registry law (Zákon NR SR č. 154/9 Z.z. o matrikách), when the last record in the registry volume becomes more than 100 years old, this volume is to be moved to archive. There are various problems with implementation of this article. In practice only the volumes 1895-1906 were moved to archives up to now (status in 2012). In difference to the church records, the civil vital records are kept by branch offices of state archives (pobočky štátnych archívov). Archived civil records are not subject of privacy protection law. These records (1895-1906) are a real treasure. Each record can be read like an exciting story. There is recorded the individual who reported the vital event (birth or death), the data about the child, groom, bride or deceased, their parents, recorded is also the place and hour of the birth/death and the records also included the signatures of the reporting individual (birth, death) and signatures of the groom and bride.
Civil records for at
least 100 years are stored in the registrar's
offices. Data of living persons has been imaged for ease
of retrieval. Data of deceased individuals who died before
the imaging scanning commenced are stored in books. These
books are located in respective registrar's offices.
Birth, marriage and death certificates are only available
to relatives. In addition, relatives may gain further
insight into their family background by studying remarks
which appear in the register books. Note taking is
permissible. Other persons (e.g. professional researchers)
are required to have written authorization from
corresponding relatives. Such authorization must be
executed (written) in the official language.
Distinguished features of the Jewish vital records
In general the information above is valid also for
records conducted by Jewish congregations, however there
are some distinguished features:
CentroConsult offers free lookups for location of the church, Jewish and state records
Other resources in Slovak archives
immigration database is a valuable free tool for
checking the origin of the immigrants. The other excellent
tool is the 1891 Hungarian Trade and Industry Directory
digitized by Janos
Bogardi (Radix) and other online Radix databases,
where some features are accessible free of charge. A
supplementary online resource is also the 1900
Budapest directory. It is worthwhile to mention,
that in 1910 in Budapest lived following ethnic
nationalities of Hungarian Kingdom: Hungarians (756,000),
Germans (78,000), Slovaks (20,000), Romanians (27,000),
Croatians (3,000), Serbians (4,000), Czechs (15,000). In
such sense, Budapest was in that time the largest "Slovak
town" (Slovak population of Bratislava was only 11,600,
Banska Bystrica 10,700 total, etc.).
The publishing house Arcanum
started recently in cooperation with the Hungarian
National Archives a project of online publishing of
various archival funds online (only in Hungarian).
CentroConsult developed with permission of Arcanum an unofficial guide in
For Slovak online
databases click here.
There are may discussion boards and forums, where the
researcher can post their queries and ask for help. Here
are some of them:
Revision date 15th March 2012
|Welcome | Genealogy
Resources | Genealogy
Services | FAQ | Toolbox | Presenting
Results | Reference Projects
| Useful Links | Price List | Handbooks | Other Researchers